Read the poem and summarize it

by Mohan Rana

I saw the stars far off -
as far as I from them:
in this moment I saw them -
in moments of the twinkling past.
In the boundless depths of darkness,
these hours
hunt the morning through the night.

And I can't make up my mind:
am I living this life for the first time?
Or repeating it, forgetting as I live
the first moment of breath every time?

Does the fish too drink water?
Does the sun feel the heat?
Does the light see the dark?
Does the rain too get wet?
Do dreams ask questions about sleep as I do?

I walked a long, long way
and when I saw, I saw the stars close by.

Today it rained all day long and the words were washed away from your face.

) Speaking.There is a saying in English: “When in Rome, do as the Romans do” What does it mean? Do you agree or disagree? Do you have a similar saying in your language.

Discuss these tips in groups. Do you have a similar mannar in your country?

1. In many Asia cultures, it is acceptable to smack your lips when you eat. It means that the food is good.

2. In Franse you should’t sit down in a café until you’ve shaken hands with everyone you know.

3. In India and the Middle East, you must never use the left hand for greeting, eating or drinking.

4. In China , your host will keep refilling your dish unless you lay your chopsticks across your bowl.

5. Most South Americans and Mexicans like to stand very close to the person they’re talking to. You should’t back away.

6. In Russia, you must match your hosts drink for drink or they will think you unfriendly.

7. In Ireland, social events sometimes end with singing and dancing. You may be asked to sing.

8. In America you should eat eat your hamburgers with both hands and ask quickly as possible. You shouldn’t try to have a conversation until it is eaten.

3. Answer the following questions using modal verbs: Must/mustn’t, should/shouldn’t and have to / don’t have to.

1. Do young people have to wear traditional clothes in wedding ceremony?

2. What advice can you give somebody coming to your country?

3. Think of one or two examples of bad manners in your country.

For example, in Britain it is considered impolite to ask people how much they earn.

& Writing “Manners or the law?”

Compare with the partner. Then make sentences with….

You should / shouldn’t…..(for manners)

You have to / mustn’t…. ( for the law )

1.Play noisy games on a mobile phone in public.

2.Send text messages when your is stopped at traffic lights.

3. Switch off your mobile phone on a plane.

4. Switch off your mobile phone in class.

5. Talk loudly on a mobile public transport.

6. Use a hand-held mobile while driving a car.

7. Make very personal calls in public.

8. Use your mobile at a petrol station.

Must and have to.

Write a sentences with must, have to or has to.

The sign says: ‘Passengers must show the tickets’

So passengers have to show their tickets.

The children have to be in bed by nine.

Their parents said: “You must be in bed by nine”

1. Laura has to get to work on time.

Her boss told her :___________

2. The police told Nick: “ You must keep your dog under control.”

So Nick ___________________

3. The pupils have to listen carefully.

The teacher says: _____________

4. The new sign says: “ Visitors must report to the security officer”

So now ___________

Quick test. Tick (ü) A, B, or C to complete the sentences.

1 Why _____ work last weekend?

A must you B did you have to C had you to

2 Hurry up! We _____ be late.

A should B mustn’t C don’t have to

3 I have a problem. What _____ do?

A should I to B I should C should I

4 My sister _____ play the violin very well when she was young.

A can B could C is able to

5 Will you _____ pick me up at the airport tonight?

A be able to B can C be able

6 I’ve never _____ to dance salsa very well.

A could B be able C been able

7 You _____ touch that! It’s dangerous.

A have to B mustn’t C don’t have to

8 You _____ have to eat it if you don’t like it.

A mustn’t B can’t C don’t

9 They _____ be French. They’re speaking German.

A can’t B mustn’t don’t have to

$Questions for computer based test

1.You _____ drive if you’ve been drinking.

e) doesn’t have to

f) mustn’t to

g) don’t have to

h) mustn’t

2. You _____ remember to write the report. The boss will be furious I you forget.

a) mustn’t

b) don’t have

c) should

d) must

4. I think the government ______ more to improve education.

a) should do

b) must do

c) may do

d) can do

4. I think people who live in flats _____ have dogs.

a) should

b) mustn’t

c) shouldn’t

d) don’t have to

English Russian Kazakh
accumulate накапливать; собирать жинақтау, жинау
descendants отпрыск, потомок ұрпақ
hospitality гостеприимство, радушие қонақжайлы
society общество қоғам, қауым
be considered рассматриваться, полагать, считать есептеу, санау
honesty правдивость, искренность адал, шыншылдық
guest гость қонақ
identities особенность, подлинность ерекшелігі
occurrence инцидент, происшествие қолайсыз жағдай
widespread широко распространённый әлемге әйгілі

Home assignment.Learn modal verbs: must, have to, should (obligation) and do grammar exercises [5. 137-139]


1. Read and translate the text “Culture of Kazakhstan. Kazakh culture and national traditions”

The Kazakh people are rich in traditions. From birth through old age and death, every step of their lives has historically been marked with celebration. Even their funeral ceremonies have their own special symbolism.
Unfortunately, many rich and interesting traditions and customs of the Kazakh people have been forgotten throughout the past century. Real sovereignty is just now being reestablished in Kazakhstan due to the process of democratization. These abandoned traditions are just now being rediscovered by the Kazakh people. These traditions include being respectful to old people; being patriotic to the motherland; being honest; and learning to love mankind. Traditionally every guest is offered Kazakh cuisine at the dastarkhan (the low table) in a yurt. The yurt is one of the most sensible types of movable house. It is a comfortable and practical home, ideally suited to local conditions and ways of life - one of the greatest inventions of the Eurasian nomads.

It is easily taken apart (it is said that a Kazakh woman can do it in half an hour) and carried by horses and camels. The yurt consists of three main elements: an extensible trellis base (the kerege), a dome made of poles (the uyk) and a round top (the shanyrak).

In ancient times Turks were reputed as the most skillful felt-makers. These days the Kazakhs use felt to cover the yurt and for its internal decoration, as well as to make carpets, dresses and shoes. The Kazakhs live surrounded by ornaments. They richly decorate their yurts with wall carpets and multi-colored embroideries.

Handicrafts - harnesses, felt mats (tekemets), and articles made of wood, bone and metal - are lavishly decorated. Headdresses, dresses, bags and saddle-cloths are beautifully embroidered. They use traditional designs and carvings to make and decorate the wooden cups, large bowls and ladles used to serve kumis (fermented mare's milk).

The horns of mountain rams and goats are used to decorate beds and caskets. Leather is used to make quivers, belts, harnesses and flasks (torsyks) for water and kumis. Kazakh artisans are also very skillful jewelers.

Steppe zergers (jewelers) favor white silver. Traditional Kazakh bell-shaped earrings, original bracelets (blezics), or the traditional bracelet linked to three rings with fine chains will certainly impress you.

Kazakh national dress varies by regions. Men wear chapans, a kind of dressing gown with a belt, made of velvet and richly embroidered. They cover their heads with a soft skullcap (tobetai), a tall felt cap (kalpak) or a fox-fur hat with earflaps (malakai).

The women's national costume consists of a white cotton or colored silk dress, a velvet waistcoat with embroidery and a cap or a silk scarf. Elderly women wear a hood made of white cloth with a hole for the face (the kimeshek). Brides wear a tall pointed, richly decorated hat, topped with feathers (saukele).

Kazakh music and musical instruments: The Kazakhs love the art of wordplay and their akyns (poets), who improvise at public competitions (aitys) accompanied by Kazakh stringed musical instruments: the dombra or the kobyz.

Nauryz (Islamic New Year) is one of the biggest holidays in Central Asia. In Kazakhstan it is celebrated on the day of the spring equinox, March 22. On that day, the streets of villages and towns are transformed. Guests are hosted in beautiful yurts with the traditional Nauryz kozhe dish made of seven traditional ingredients. People respecting this nearly month-long holiday forgive each others' debts and offences.

National games: these are usually performed on horseback and are an opportunity to witness the Kazakhs' outstanding riding skills. Kazaksha kures (Kazakh wrestling), baiga (horse racing over 25, 50 or 100 km), kokpar (a sort of polo game played with a dead goat), kyz-kuu (catch the girl) and alty bakan (six-pole swing).